With the recent legalization of marijuana in many states across the world, cannabis-related activities and products started gaining immense popularity among people. From cultivating marijuana at home to using cannabis-infused food items and oils, renaming 2019 as the ‘year of cannabis’ should be the next course of action. If you’re the person who has the hankering to keep up with the current trends but find some products ridiculously priced, fret not, you can quickly grow cannabis at your home.
Growing any plant is like nurturing a baby; it requires extra care, caution, and checks at regular intervals to ensure healthy growth. Everything from the type of soil to the amount of water can affect the quality of your final harvest. Read on to find some useful tips for growing healthy cannabis strains in the comfort of your place.
Climate is the major player
Any planting process begins with an assessment of the climatic conditions required for the plant to grow. Cannabis grows well in practically every climate, due to its highly adaptive nature, but extreme temperatures can destroy the whole plant. Of course, high-speed winds make the plant susceptible to physical damage in the form of broken stems, leading to reduced yield. Moreover, moisture can play a spoilsport when growing cannabis due to the formation of mold and mildew.
If you’ve just joined the cannabis growing population, you might want to consider hiring an expert gardener who can guide you through the various stages of its growth.
Find good quality seeds
The last thing you’d want after a few months of germinating your seeds is to find out that your beginning was faulty itself. Your final yield should be both healthy and in proportion to the number of seeds you used. Thus, buying a proper bag of seeds is essential when growing cannabis at home.
There are many ways to check the quality of the seeds you bought, the most common being the float test. In the float test, you empty your packet of seeds into a bowl or a glass of water an hour or two before germinating them. Defective seeds usually turn out to be hollow on the inside and appear at the surface of the water.
Another method to assess the authenticity of the seeds is to check if they crumble on the application of slight pressure. Take some seeds and try to squash them in the middle of your fingers. Any crushed seeds you obtain in this procedure are defective.
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Achieve optimum growth with a fixed calendar
Sticking to a fixed calendar will not only result in a healthy yield, but it’ll also teach you discipline in the gardening sphere. The cannabis plant has a growing cycle which starts in mid-May and goes all the way up to the months of September to November, depending on various factors. You can spread and sow the germinated seeds at the beginning of July, topping them as August arrives and regularly prune them till harvest season.
Allocate an appropriate spot in your garden
(via High Life)
The cannabis plant requires massive amounts of sunlight during the vegetative state. Thus, you should look for an open spot in your garden that receives direct sunlight. The transition from the vegetative state to the flowering state depends on this very fact and can shift the growth calendar drastically. If you have an outdoor garden, think of appropriate fencing procedures to keep thieves and intruders at bay. Lastly, shielding your plants from high-speed winds is mandatory, which you can achieve using a windbreak or a wall.
Use nutrient holding silty soil
Planting cannabis in a nutrient-rich soil that does not hold excess water for long periods is the best way to go. Thus, acquiring the ideal soil will enhance your outdoor crop. The soil has three major components- clay, sand, and silt. A mixture of these three in various ratios decides the type of soil, its nutrient-holding capacity, and drainage capabilities. Clayey soil has poor drainage but holds nutrients well; sandy soil drains well but falters in keeping nutrients, and silty soil strikes the perfect balance between the two, making it the ideal choice for planting cannabis.
Fertilize the soil well
If you’ve grown cannabis earlier, you understand the importance of nutrients in its growth. You can obtain a healthy yield only if you provide sufficient nutrients. The cannabis plant mainly requires NPK nutrients, i.e., nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. These are readily available in many home gardening shops in the form of organic and synthetic fertilizers. When it comes to cannabis, you’d want to choose organic fertilizers, as synthetic ones can damage your soil by altering its pH level. Moreover, they may affect the drainage capabilities of the soil, leading to excessive runoff.
Protection is key
(via In My Kitchen Garden)
Just like you protect a child from potential dangers, your cannabis cultivation needs proper defense against natural hazards. These include pests, harsh weather conditions, temperature fluctuations, rain, etc. Protection from pests can be tricky since the smallest insect can harm the plant from its roots. The best strategy to fend off pests is to keep your crop healthy at all times; a vigorous cannabis plant will induce a natural resistance among pests, thus, developing a self-defense mechanism.
Handling temperature fluctuations is pretty straightforward: use a shed over the area you’ve sown the crop. Look for a shed cloth that filters out a certain amount of sunlight during extreme summers to avoid burnt leaves and dried roots.
Rain can be a nightmare in an outdoor cannabis plantation. As mentioned earlier, excessive moisture leads to fungus and mold formation which feeds on the plant. Covering your crop with a plastic sheet and constructing a shelter using the same can prove to be rewarding in the long run, especially if you live in an area prone to heavy rains.
This concludes the guide to growing cannabis outdoors. Indoor plantations of cannabis called for high monetary investment in the form of temperature and humidity regulators, irrigation systems, etc. First-timers can quickly grow cannabis with a lesser amount of money at hand and achieve incredible yields with the above guide.
Tammy is a cannabis and health industry consultant who frequently writes about the latest trends in the industry. She has been writing for a long time now. Through her writing, she hopes to influence as many people as possible to help maintain better health and lifestyle. She is reachable at firstname.lastname@example.org