After the legalization of marijuana in many states, there is a massive growth in the marijuana business. People are growing marijuana at home for their personal use and for business purposes too. Growing cannabis at home is not a complicated procedure. But you need to have the right information before getting into it. If you are planning to grow marijuana at home, here are the seven steps which you must follow while growing marijuana at home.
1. Space: Indoors or Outdoors
The first step to growing cannabis is deciding the space. You can grow marijuana anywhere, like a basement, closet, bedroom, garage, or even outdoors. What is important to note is that the area you finalize is large enough to handle the growth of the plant. While choosing an indoor space, keep in mind the light and airflow requirements. The light requirements for growing marijuana are rigorous. During the dark phase, they need strict darkness with no outside light disturbing them. To maximize the potential of the plant, make sure that you have control over the temperature and humidity levels of the space. Growing marijuana outdoors requires less investment since you don't have to worry about the lights and temperature. You also don't get to control the environment while growing outdoors. A general rule of thumb that applies for outdoor growing is if you are feeling hot/cold, then your plant is also susceptible to the same.
The most common types of growing medium are soil, soilless mix, hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics. Every medium has it's own requirements and care needed. The best growing medium is growing in an organic composted soil. It contains enough minerals for the initial growth of the plant. Though it's a little bit of hard work and money (if you buy) but the yields are worth it. Choose an organic potting mix, in case of limited soil options. It is also suitable for first-time growers. Along with this, mix perlite that is tiny white rocks, with the soil for better soil drain. The ratio of soil to perlite should be 70:30.
3. Correct the Light leaks
This one is for indoor growers. Since marijuana plants are light-sensitive, especially during their dark periods, if light enters the space, it can cause stress and disturb the cycle of plants. New marijuana growers should check for any light leaks in the grow room before starting. Light leaks can affect the quality and size of your harvest by retarding plant growth. You can test the light leaks by switching on your lights, stand outside and look for small light rays leaking outside the room. Do the same thing counter wise by standing inside the darkroom and look for any light rays from outside. Light leaks are usually around windows and doors. You can use a blackout tape, which is a low-cost method to hide the wear n tears in reflective walls and cracks around the windows and doors.
4. Air Filter
If you are living in a place where growing marijuana is legal, then you don't have to worry about the smell of the plant. Still, you should install an air filter to minimize the plant smell and keep your operation a secret. Air filters help in purifying the air and remove any bad odors. Using a carbon filter or scrubber will effectively scrub the air off your grow space. The filter contains activated carbon through which the air with smell and impurities pass and pump out fresh air. Attaching them to your exhaust system is the most popular way of installing the air filters. The indoor hot air gets purified while passing through them and move outside.
For any plant, watering is an integral part of their growth. Hand-water your plants if you are growing them in coco coir or composted soil medium. For knowing whether its time to water a soil medium plant, test it by putting your finger in the soil. If it feels dry up to your first knuckle, then water them. For coco coir growing medium, don't let them dry out and water the plants every 1-2 days. If your coco coir is wet for more than three days, then add less water for the next few days.
6. Grow Light
For outdoor marijuana growers, you don't have to worry about grow lights, as the sun takes care of it. But for indoor marijuana growers, install the grow lights in a way that it covers all the plants you are growing. For this, first, experiment and check the positions of the plants to get the maximum light coverage. For beginners, using the inexpensive compact fluorescent lights will do the trick. For professional marijuana growers, use a T5 and T8 fluorescent lights that are apt for low light plants. Other grow lights include LED, metal halide, and high pressure Grow lights that are powerful, easy to set up, and economical.
7. Other Soil Parameters
Soil nutrients: To make sure that your plant grows healthy and give the best yields, buy cannabis nutrients that are suitable for soil. As cannabis plants are heavy feeders, even if you have improved the fertility of the soil, you have to add nutrients once they reach the flowering stage. Most of the nutrients in the soil get depleted by the time they reach the flowering stage.
Root pH: Don't burn your plants by giving dense nutrients initially. Increase the dose of nutrients, when you notice the lower leaves turning yellow unless it's a maturation process. To prevent nutrient problems, you must test the pH level of water before watering them. If you are growing in composted soil, then you don't have to worry about the pH level of water because the microbes help regulate pH in composted soil. For all the other mediums of growing cannabis, testing pH is a must. Even if you provide the plant with the right nutrients, they won't be able to absorb them if the pH is not correct. Sometimes, the plants grow fine during the vegetative stage, but the problem arises during the flowering stage due to a lack of nutrient absorption by the roots.
The above are the seven steps that will help you in growing marijuana at home. You can start with one or two plants initially as it is economical. It will also give you a lot of opportunities to succeed in your next operation after learning from your trial and error phase. It takes time and patience to see the results of your seedling/cutting to grow. So, be patient for your final yields.
Tammy is a cannabis and health industry consultant who frequently writes about the latest trends in the industry. She has been writing for a long time now. Through her writing, she hopes to influence as many people as possible to help maintain better health and lifestyle. She is reachable at firstname.lastname@example.org